The Causes Behind Foot Pain

Symptoms and diagnosis for Foot Pain
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By Orthopaedic and Neurology Clinic

Foot Pain info

What is define by a Foot Pain?

Foot pain refers to any pain or discomfort in one or more parts of the foot, such as the following:

  • toes
  • heels
  • arches
  • soles

The pain can range from mild to severe, and it may last a short time or be an ongoing issue. We have many measures that can help relieve your foot pain.

What are some causes of a Foot Pain?

Injury, overuse or conditions causing inflammation involving any of the bones, ligaments or tendons in the foot can cause foot pain. Arthritis is a common cause of foot pain. Injury to the nerves of the feet may result in intense burning pain, numbness or tingling (peripheral neuropathy).

Some common causes of foot pain include:

  1. Achilles tendinitis
  2. Achilles tendon rupture
  3. Avulsion fracture
  4. Bone spurs
  5. Broken foot
  6. Broken toe
  7. Bunions
  8. Bursitis (joint inflammation)
  9. Corns and calluses
  10. Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage caused by diabetes)
  11. Flatfeet
  12. Gout (arthritis related to excess uric acid)
  13. Haglund’s deformity
  14. Hammertoe and mallet toe
  15. High heels or poorly fitting shoes
  16. Ingrown toenails
  17. Metatarsalgia
  18. Morton’s neuroma
  19. Osteoarthritis (disease causing the breakdown of joints)
  20. Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
  21. Paget’s disease of bone
  22. Peripheral neuropathy
  23. Plantar fasciitis
  24. Plantar warts
  25. Psoriatic arthritis
  26. Raynaud’s disease
  27. Reactive arthritis
  28. Retrocalcaneal bursitis
  29. Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
  30. Septic arthritis
  31. Stress fractures
  32. Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  33. Tendinitis
  34. Tumors
Pain in the foot indicates that there is something wrong with either the interaction of internal structures of the foot or with how the foot is interacting with external influences. How and when the pain occurs as well as the locations of the pain are the primary clues to what may be causing the pain.

“The main causes of chronic foot pain are either degenerative or arising from a previous injury. Painful degenerative problems can affect the joints of the foot, or the tendons or the fascia (soft tissue).”

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What types of diagnosis?

Our Specialist may ask and conduct one or more of the following tests to determine your foot pain:

    • History of symptoms. To diagnose foot pain, our doctor will first want to get your full medical history. This includes whether you have had any recent injuries, where you feel the pain, and how the pain feels.
    • Physical examination. Our doctor will include testing your muscle strength and reflexes. He may also observe your posture and how you walk.
    • X-rays. This is required to make certain there are no broken bones, but often with stress or overuse injuries where no direct blow has occurred. 
    • MRI, CT scan. This scan can provide more-detailed views of the bones in your leg and may spot fractures that don’t show up on X-rays.

Possible neurological issues of foot pain?

Sometimes the source of some pain is problems with your nerves.

Peripheral neuropathy can result from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes and exposure to toxins. 

People with peripheral neuropathy generally describe the pain as stabbing, burning or tingling. In many cases, symptoms improve, especially if caused by a treatable condition. Medications can reduce the pain of peripheral neuropathy.

Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy might include:

  • Gradual onset of numbness, prickling or tingling in your feet or hands, which can spread upward into your legs and arms
  • Sharp, jabbing, throbbing or burning pain
  • Extreme sensitivity to touch
  • Pain during activities that shouldn’t cause pain, such as pain in your feet when putting weight on them or when they’re under a blanket
  • Lack of coordination and falling
  • Muscle weakness
  • Feeling as if you’re wearing gloves or socks when you’re not
  • Paralysis if motor nerves are affected

Early consultation will best prevent any issues from deteriorate. Our team specialists can help you get back on your feet.

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