The Causes Behind Foot Pain
By Orthopaedic and Neurology Clinic
What is define by a Foot Pain?
Foot pain refers to any pain or discomfort in one or more parts of the foot, such as the following:
The pain can range from mild to severe, and it may last a short time or be an ongoing issue. We have many measures that can help relieve your foot pain.
What are some causes of a Foot Pain?
Injury, overuse or conditions causing inflammation involving any of the bones, ligaments or tendons in the foot can cause foot pain. Arthritis is a common cause of foot pain. Injury to the nerves of the feet may result in intense burning pain, numbness or tingling (peripheral neuropathy).
Some common causes of foot pain include:
- Achilles tendinitis
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Avulsion fracture
- Bone spurs
- Broken foot
- Broken toe
- Bursitis (joint inflammation)
- Corns and calluses
- Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage caused by diabetes)
- Gout (arthritis related to excess uric acid)
- Haglund’s deformity
- Hammertoe and mallet toe
- High heels or poorly fitting shoes
- Ingrown toenails
- Morton’s neuroma
- Osteoarthritis (disease causing the breakdown of joints)
- Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
- Paget’s disease of bone
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Plantar fasciitis
- Plantar warts
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Raynaud’s disease
- Reactive arthritis
- Retrocalcaneal bursitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
- Septic arthritis
- Stress fractures
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
“The main causes of chronic foot pain are either degenerative or arising from a previous injury. Painful degenerative problems can affect the joints of the foot, or the tendons or the fascia (soft tissue).”
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What types of diagnosis?
Our doctor may ask and conduct one or more of the following tests to determine your foot pain:
- History of symptoms. To diagnose foot pain, our doctor will first want to get your full medical history. This includes whether you have had any recent injuries, where you feel the pain, and how the pain feels.
- Physical examination. Our doctor will include testing your muscle strength and reflexes. He may also observe your posture and how you walk.
- X-rays. This is required to make certain there are no broken bones, but often with stress or overuse injuries where no direct blow has occurred.
- MRI, CT scan. This scan can provide more-detailed views of the bones in your leg and may spot fractures that don’t show up on X-rays.
Possible neurological issues of foot pain?
Sometimes the source of some pain is problems with your nerves.
Peripheral neuropathy can result from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes and exposure to toxins.
People with peripheral neuropathy generally describe the pain as stabbing, burning or tingling. In many cases, symptoms improve, especially if caused by a treatable condition. Medications can reduce the pain of peripheral neuropathy.
Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy might include:
- Gradual onset of numbness, prickling or tingling in your feet or hands, which can spread upward into your legs and arms
- Sharp, jabbing, throbbing or burning pain
- Extreme sensitivity to touch
- Pain during activities that shouldn’t cause pain, such as pain in your feet when putting weight on them or when they’re under a blanket
- Lack of coordination and falling
- Muscle weakness
- Feeling as if you’re wearing gloves or socks when you’re not
- Paralysis if motor nerves are affected
Early consultation will best prevent any issues from deteriorate. Our team of Orthopaedic and Neurology specialists can help you get back on your feet.